Ohio Occupational Therapy, Physical Therapy, and Athletic Trainers Board Physical Therapy Section January 13, 2011:

Debra Belcher: Ms. Belcher asked the Section whether physical therapists can perform EMG and if the Section has plans to create an emeritus status for retired physical therapist. Reply: It is the position of the Physical Therapy Section that nothing in the Ohio Physical Therapy Practice Act prohibits a physical therapist from performing electromyography (EMG). Performance and interpretation of EMG is consistent with the knowledge and skills of licensed physical therapists. As with any specialized procedure, the physical therapist must have training and demonstrate competency in the modality. The Physical Therapy Section recommends that you refer to payer policies regarding physical therapist performance of EMG since Medicare or other payers may require advance credentials for reimbursement.

EMG/NCS Testing uses electricity and Musculoskeletal Ultrasound uses sound waves for the evaluation (testing and measurement) of the neuro-musculoskeletal system.

APTA fully supports PTs practicing EMG/NCS Testing as it is within the scope of Physical Therapy Practice. The Orthopedic Section of the APTA in a white paper not only advocates the use of Musculoskeletal Ultrasound Imaging within the scope of practice for Physical Therapy but also endorses its application both for diagnostic as well as procedural purposes to aid neuromuscular re-education, dry needling, and electroneuromyography.

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